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Key Developments in Quantum Computing by IBM
IBM introduced the 'IBM Quantum Heron', a new quantum processor with a five-fold improvement in error reduction.
The launch of IBM Quantum System Two, the first modular quantum computer, signifies a major step in quantum-centric supercomputing.
IBM, a pioneer in quantum computing, has made a significant leap forward with the introduction of its most advanced quantum processor to date, the 'IBM Quantum Heron'. This processor stands out with its newly built architecture, boasting up to a five-fold improvement in error reduction compared to the previous 'IBM Quantum Eagle'. The IBM Quantum Heron processor is a game-changer in the field of quantum computing, representing IBM's commitment to advancing this cutting-edge technology.
In addition to the processor, IBM also unveiled the IBM Quantum System Two, a groundbreaking modular quantum computer that serves as the cornerstone of IBM's quantum-centric supercomputing architecture. Launched at the IBM Quantum Summit 2023, this system is the first of its kind and begins operation with three IBM Heron processors. The Quantum System Two, located in Yorktown Heights, New York, is designed to bring quantum-centric supercomputing to reality, combining scalable cryogenic infrastructure and classical runtime servers with modular qubit control electronics.
The IBM Quantum System Two's architecture is a significant development in the integration of quantum communication and computation, assisted by classical computing resources. This architecture is pivotal for the future of quantum-centric supercomputing, aiming to efficiently combine quantum and classical workflows through a middleware layer.
IBM's advancements in quantum computing do not stop at hardware. The company has also announced Qiskit 1.0, the world's most widely used open-source quantum programming software. Qiskit 1.0 comes with new features that facilitate the execution of quantum circuits with ease and speed, helping computational scientists optimize their work. Furthermore, IBM is pioneering the use of generative AI models, like those in its enterprise AI platform watsonx, to automate quantum code development and optimize quantum circuits.
IBM's commitment to quantum computing extends beyond the next decade. The company has extended its IBM Quantum Development Roadmap to 2033, with new targets to significantly advance the quality of gate operations. This extension aims to increase the size of quantum circuits that can be run, thus realizing the full potential of quantum computing at scale.
Dario Gil, IBM's Senior Vice President and Director of Research, emphasizes that quantum computers are now being used as tools to explore new scientific frontiers. The aim is to further increase the quality of utility-scale quantum technology and make it more accessible to users and partners. This approach will enable the tackling of more complex problems. Gil envisions a future where the capabilities of these quantum machines will see a sharp uptick, particularly after the full effect of error-correction technologies comes into play around 2029.
IBM's quantum systems have already demonstrated their utility in various fields, including chemistry, physics, and materials science. These systems allow for the exploration of utility-scale classes of problems beyond the capabilities of classical simulation of quantum mechanics. With the IBM Quantum Heron processor, IBM further cements its position as a leader in the field of quantum computing, pushing the boundaries of what is computationally possible and setting a new benchmark for the industry.
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